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Fundamental Duties of all Indian Citizens

All citizens are responsible to follow the Fundamental Duties. At present there are eleven Fundamental Duties.



The idea of Fundamental Duties are borrowed from  U.S.S.R. These duties are applicable to all citizens.  Originally, the Constitution of India did not contain these duties. Upon the recommendations of the Sardar Swaran Singh Committee, the 42nd Constitution Amendment Act, 1976 has incorporated ten Fundamental Duties in Article 51(A) of the constitution of India.  One more Fundamental Duty was added by the 86 Constitution Amendment Act, 2002 in Article 51(A) of the constitution of India. This 11th duty is on every parent or guardian to ensure that their child or ward was provided opportunities for education between the ages of six and fourteen years.

The Eleven Fundamental Duties of every citizen of India are as follows:
(a) To abide by the Constitution and respect the National Flag and the National Anthem;
(b) to cherish and follow the noble ideals which inspired our national struggle for freedom;
(c) to uphold and protect the sovereignty, unity and integrity of India;
(d) to defend the country and render national service when called upon to do so;
(e) to promote harmony and the spirit of common brotherhood amongst all people of India transcending religious, linguistic and regional or sectional diversities and to renounce practices derogatory to the dignity of women;
(f) to value and preserve the rich heritage of our composite culture;
(g) to protect and improve the natural environment including forests, lakes, rivers and wild life and to have compassion for living creatures;
(h) to develop the scientific temper, humanism and the spirit of inquiry and reform;
(i) to safeguard public property and to abjure violence;
(j) to strive towards excellence in all spheres of individual and collective activity, so that the nation constantly rises to higher levels of Endeavour and achievement."
(k) to provide opportunities for education by the parent the guardian, to his child, or a ward between the age of 6-14 years as the case may be.
Fundamental Duties: Key Points
Verma Committee is associated with Fundamental Duties.
The Indian Leader who advocates Fundamental Rights and Fundamental Duties with equal importance: Mahatma Gandhi
The famous Ramsharan vs Union of India 1980, is associated to Fundamental Duties.

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